Website hosting is a service where organizations and individuals are allowed to make websites accessible in the WWW (World Wide Web). The companies which provide such space are called web hosts. The servers can be leased or owned by such companies. The web hosts give data center space as well as internet connectivity for servers that are within their own data center. This is referred to as colocation.
Web hosting scope is quite wide and can be as small as a web page where the files are uploaded through FTP. Here, files are delivered with very minimal or no processing at all. This is a service that most providers offer subscribers free. Web hosting can be available free of charge, or sponsored by adverts or quite inexpensive. For businesses, hosting can be more expensive and this depends on the type and size of the site in question. For the personal pages, a single page can be enough, but the more complex sites need packages that are more comprehensive and one that includes application development platforms and database support. With the facilities, customers can install and write scripts for various applications and also they help with content management.
There are different kinds of website hosting and the choice really depends on the needs you have. They include, among others:
· Shared web hosting where many sites are placed together, sharing a single server.
· Reseller web hosting where clients can act as hosts.
· Virtual dedicated server where the resources are divided into virtual servers. It is also called VPS.
· Dedicated hosting where a user has their own server
· Managed hosting where one has a server, but no full control over it.
· Cloud hosting
This is a kind of hosting where a client leases a server and it isn’t shared with anyone else. It is a flexible plan in comparison to shared hosting. This is a great option for companies that require a lot of space. Dedicated servers also come at another level, which is known as complex managed hosting and can apply to virtual servers, hybrid servers and physical servers. Most companies prefer the hybrid option which combines virtual and physical dedicated servers.
Using dedicated servers gives many benefits including control, email stability, security and high performance. Dedicated servers may also be highly priced when compared to other kinds of hosting options. This is the reason as to why the option is most suitable for the sites that have a greater traffic.
Most companies choose to outsource this kind of hosting because they provide networks that are highly powered and this comes from different providers. The hosts also utilize great bandwidth amounts and so they can access lower volume kind of pricing and therefore can include a blend of bandwidth.
The hosting providers define management based on the services that are offered. The difference between a fully managed and self-managed one differs from one provider to the next. Hosting is essential for individuals as well as companies and choosing the option that is most suitable is very important.